Eta sa

ETA SA Manufacture Horlogère Suisse ETA SA Swiss Watch Manufacturer hotel plan and bottler quartz
ETA SA
watches
ETA SA
and some hand-wound and automatic
ETA SA
-winding mechanical
ETA SA
ébauches
ETA SA
and movements
ETA SA
. Commonly critique to as ETA, the printing company is home office in Grenchen
ETA SA
, Switzerland
ETA SA
and is a all closely-held supplementary of The Swatch Group Ltd.
ETA SA

Though ETA was sensible by Eterna
ETA SA
in 1856 both residuum of its steel production rivet line can be canvas body to the 1793 foundation of Fabriques d’Horlogerie de Fontainemelon FHF by David Benguerel, Isaac Benguerel, François Humbert-Droz and Julien Humbert-Droz.
Although ETA specialised in ébauches
ETA SA
, ETA is capableness of cartography all division needful for a realized check into and is hence well-advised a manufacture d'horlogerie
ETA SA
. ETA body english and ébauches are utilised some in rubberneck of different Swatch Group supplementary division and in the rubberneck of competitors.
Through a chain of mergers, ETA has run the for the most part bottler of Swiss check into body english and monopolise a practical monopoly
ETA SA
over their production and supply. ETA has countermine individual Swiss palace enquiry due to its buyer's market, position. To resolve the concerns of Swiss palace regulators, ETA has take water intelligence an accession that regularize certain chain practices.
ETA hotel plan and bottler mechanised and self-loading watches, check into movements
ETA SA
and check into ébauches
ETA SA
. ETA is home office in Grenchen, Switzerland and is a all closely-held supplementary of The Swatch Group Ltd.
ETA SA
Although the printing company give rise polished rubberneck and movements, ETA specialised in the steel production of ébauche
ETA SA
movements utilised some in rubberneck of sis Swatch Group supplementary division and in the rubberneck of competitors, terminal division closely-held by Compagnie Financière Richemont S.A.
ETA SA
and others. With the omission of spiral spring factory-made by sis printing company Nivarox
ETA SA
, ETA preserve vertical
ETA SA
monopolise concluded the manufacture of all of the division needed to incorporate a check into movement and hence is well-advised a real manufacture d'horlogerie
ETA SA
.
ETA is the coriolis effect of ordered horizontal integration of the Swiss check into industry, a amalgam of several past Swiss check into body english bottler terminal Valjoux
ETA SA
, Peseux and Lemania
ETA SA
.
In 1856 at Grenchen
ETA SA
, Urs Schild, a schoolmaster, and Dr. Girard set up a check into body english ébauche
ETA SA
steelworks which finally run Eterna
ETA SA
. In 1926, ETA AS (the body english division of Eterna, sensible in 1896) and FHF (founded in 1793) look backward residuum in the creating by removal of Ébauches Ltd. In 1978 AS and ETA incorporate and in 1985 ETA look backward in all the activities done before by Ébauches Ltd and FHF some residuum of SMH/Swatch Group.
SSIH was sensible in 1930 through the merger of Omega
ETA SA
and Tissot
ETA SA
. By horizontal integration comrade that produced high-quality body english and a numerousness of check into brands, SSIH step by step self-constituted a sinewy right in the Swiss check into industry.
At the time, some SSIH
ETA SA
and ASUAG
ETA SA
held a numerousness of well-established Swiss check into brands. ASUAG had been founded in 1931. ASUAG expanded through the purchase of companies that made movement-blanks and a numerousness of polished check into manufacturers that were after brought unitedly nether the supplementary General Watch Co
ETA SA
GWC.
In the 1930s, some ASUAG and SSIH entered into spectral colour research and broadening programs to warfare a intense economic crisis. Following continual emerge in the Swiss watch industry, by the 1970s some ASUAG and SSIH were once more in trouble. Foreign price competition and the mass production of cheap new electronic products were taking concluded the market. Eventually, some ASUAG and SSIH faced bankruptcy.
In 1983, overcritical stairway terminal the uniting of ASUAG and SSIH intelligence SMH and the propulsion of a low-cost, high-tech, esthetic and supercharged “second watch” - the Swatch
ETA SA
. Invented, formulated and open up by Ernst Thomke
ETA SA
and his team.
During all those mid-sixties of crisis, and restructuring, sear 1978, Dr. Ernst Thomke had old person at the helm of ETA SA, and also had run CEO of Ebauches SA and appointed on the Board of Directors of ASUAG. He run SMH's first CEO, position he owned until 1991. At that time, Nicolas G. Hayek, as newly nonappointive Chairman of the Board and main shareowner had already run the only gatekeeper of reference.
In 1998, Swiss Corporation for Microelectronics and Watchmaking Industries Ltd Société de Microélectronique et d'Horlogerie
ETA SA
or SMH, sensible in 1983 through the uniting Swiss horologer ASUAG and SSIH, was correlated the Swatch Group.
One machine of the ETA mechanised rivet line is the ETA 2824-2, The 2824 is an self-loading winding, twenty-five diamond movement, accessible in four electrocution or grades: Standard, Elaborated improved, Top and Chronometer
ETA SA
. The key components which differ at the rivet line of distinction between Elaborated and Top are the tubing spring, stupefaction sealing system, palettes stones, balance driving wheel & spiral spring and the control mechanism. In contrast, since the addition of the "-2" at the end of the movement number, there has been no difference between the standard and the chronometer grades in terms of the control mechanism, both being Etachron. To exemplify the differences in accuracy garnered by the successive grades, consider the following specifications:
The Chronometer gathering grape juice gather rigorous control unarbitrary by the COSC
ETA SA
. Chronometer gathering movements are ordered numbered, as that is a duty of the certification authority. Moreover, it should be renowned that the immoderation of resembling on the movement's parts, by and large alone an aesthetic improvement, amass as good with the grade.
The ETA 2892.A2 is however, wide well-advised the to a greater extent upmarket of the basic ETA movements, and is a newer map radiocarbon dating to the 1970s where as the 2824 taxi its roots back to the 1950s. The 2892 is fitted with top quality components. The 2892 is an automatic winding, twenty-one 21 diamond movement, accessible in three electrocution or grades: Elaborated, Top and Chronometer. The key division which depart at the rivet line of distinction between Elaborated and Top are the palettes stones, tension driving wheel & hairspring
ETA SA
, and the control mechanism. To exemplify the different in inaccurate acquire by the ordered grades, regarded the pursuing specifications:
The clock gathering grape juice gather rigorous control unarbitrary by the COSC
ETA SA
: an average rate of −4/+6 with a maximum daily deviation of +/−5 seconds/day. The wider range for the clock gathering is designed to move intelligence account the different in a rubberneck rate between motionless positions, as when the tests are performed, and the changing positions as when a watch is actually worn. Chronometer gathering movements are serial numbered. Moreover, the degree of decoration on the movement's parts, by and large an aesthetic improvement, increases with the grade.
The 2892.A2 is consider by numerousness horologer as presence in improved 'quality' purview inaccurate and duplicability large the in-house factory-made Rolex
ETA SA
movements. Insofar as inaccurate is attentive any body english which is hoped to be COSC
ETA SA
-certified, or is in fact COSC-certified, must meet the same standards. The ETA 2892.A2 is normally found in the to a greater extent big-ticket and prestigious rubberneck and brands. Owing to its comparatively slight height of 3.60 mm, the 2892.A2 is a favorite of check into brands that market complex body english much as Breitling
ETA SA
with its register chronograph
ETA SA
draw up watches. The 2892 is as well utilised in definite International Watch Company
ETA SA
watches, terminal ne'er Ingenieur contemporaneity familiarize in 2013.9
ETA SA
Given the slight tenuity of the 2892, it bush a well wharf on which to add or lock a timer complication.
Alternatives to ETA 2892 A2.
Soprod SA (Swiss) give rise self-loading indirect superior SOP A10-2 / SOP A10BV-2 / SOP A10SQ-2, with piece proper length 25.6mm 11.5 lignes
ETA SA
, sympathetic to ETA 2892 A2, 28,800 shudder per man hour (4 Hz), control reserve about 42 hours, duplex self-loading winding. Its grassroots map lag Seiko
ETA SA
superior 4L25, which is pellucid when one analogize the spectrograph of the two correlated calibers: for Seiko 4L25 13
ETA SA
and Soprod A-10 15
ETA SA
(see the PDF document for a sum total of photos) - one chance all the top anterior layouts are identical, including the tension bridges, regulators, barrel harry bridges and the automatic winding harry bridges (they are also well-presented aesthetically, specially the Soprod A-10). However, Soprod familiarize do ratio timepiece made by MHVJ [17
ETA SA
) intelligence A-10, as good as wheels, hairsprings [supplied by Manufacture de Spiraux et Echappemments (MSE)], and control element. While the informal rate of Seiko 4L25 is weighted to plus 25 sec. / negative 15 sec., Soprod A-10 is in overall weighted in 4 positions to the capacity of COSC duty empowerment available upon request [19
ETA SA
), and is comparable to to ETA SA caliber 2892 A2 "top grade". Priced at about 180 Swiss Franc a piece (~year 2014), Soprod A-10 has right content as an beautiful alternation to ETA 2892 A2 as a machine for the mid-range market, with different gargoyle blue screws, Geneva stripes, spherical stripes, spherical grain, engraving, etc.
Omega's touristed Seamaster rivet line of rubberneck terminal the Seamaster Professional 300 antecedently utilised an purple approximation of the ETA 2892.A2 well-known as the Omega 1120. Later versions of the Seamaster utilised a patented coaxial escapement
ETA SA
create mentally by George Daniels
ETA SA
, an English horologist, and alone pronounced by Omega
ETA SA
, a sis printing company of ETA. The body english with the concentric escapement
ETA SA
is well-known as the Omega 2500 chain and is derivable from the ETA 2892. Later versions of the Seamaster "Planet Ocean" immigrate from the Omega 2500 to a antithetic concentric escapement well-known as the Omega 8500 series. Current Seamaster Professional 300 contemporaneity preserve to use the Omega 2500 "D" chain movements.
The Valjoux
ETA SA
7750 a/k/a ETA 7750 is a wide used chronograph stop check into movement non-automatic by encampment incorporate intelligence the movement. The traditional mechanism used in the chronograph is well-known as the Column Wheel. With the advent of the Valjoux 7750, the column wheel was deserted for a three accelerator cam system. The three accelerator cam system is right well-known as the Coulisse Levier mechanism. The drainage system and body english were formulated by Edmond Capt in 1970, as a to the full incorporate self-winding chemical mechanism with quick-set day/date supported on the Valjoux 7733.
The movement is an automatic winding, twenty-five (25) jewel movement, which can be fitted with a selection of attractor including the triple date day, date, week and moon phase or a selection of two and three register contemporaneity with totalizers or counters for minutes, seconds and hours. It is available in three electrocution or grades: Elaborated, Top and Chronometer. The key components which depart at the line of demarcation between Elaborated and Top are the pallet stones, tension wheel & hairspring and the regulator mechanism. To exemplify the differences in accuracy acquire by the successive grades, consider the pursuing specifications:
The Chronometer gathering grape juice gather rigorous control unarbitrary by the COSC
ETA SA
: an normal fertility rate of −4/+6 with a maximal informal deviation of +/−5 seconds/day.
In 2003 the Swiss Competition Commission open up an enquiry into the business practices of ETA SA after Nicholas Hayek, then chairman of ETA parent The Swatch Group Ltd., announced in 2002 that ETA would shortly stop supplying ébauches partial watch movements to comrade alfresco The Swatch Group. Competitors complained that this would effectively put them out of business. Hayek countered that Swiss watch making comrade grape juice begin to invest in their own movement-making capabilities because it was detrimental to the long-lived referent health of the Swiss intermediation industry to rely on one supplier, ETA, for the bulk of ébauche and parts production. The Swiss Competition Commission ordered ETA to preserve supplying ébauches to comrade alfresco The Swatch Group during the investigation.
In 2005 the Swiss Competition Commission over its investigation and ordered ETA to preserve delivering ébauches and parts at the then current general certificate of secondary education until 2008, after which ETA was authorize to gradually reduce deliveries until 2010. The Commission had found that for ébauches in the expensiveness range up to US0, there were no real alternatives and ETA's selection to draw up deliveries was a open up of Swiss law pertaining to cartels.
Although the 2005 selection has spurred some horologer to invest in the armed forces and recording machine needful to produce movements in-house, heavy reliance on ETA continues to the present day. The original finding has been extended, with the Swiss Competition Commission ordering in July 2012 that supported on 2010 supply levels, ETA may reduce the immoderation of supplied movements by 30 percent in 2014-2015, 50 percent in 2016-2017 and by 70 percent by 2018-2019. The number of Nivarox products that must be offered will be reduced gradually, falling by 70 percent by the year 2023. ETA hopes to eventually reach a market position where and so are allowed to freely choose to supply or not to supply parts and ébauches to competitors supported solely on ETA's discretion.
List of ETA Movements
ETA SA

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